Where is the Stock Market Headed?

By E. Dryden Pence III, CPM®, AIF®, LPL Registered Principal, CIO Pence Wealth Management Securities and Advisory Services offered through LPL Financial, a Registered Investment Advisor. Member FINRA/SIPC. | Volume 2, Issue 4 (April 2014)

Editor’s Note: This is one in a series of periodic market watch articles provided by E. Dryden Pence III, whose investment advisory firm Pence Wealth Management has been recognized as one of the top in the United States by Barron’s, Forbes and The London Financial Times.

Bottom Line Up Front
We are positive for 2014. We think the economy will continue to improve consistently. We believe the market is a forward predictor of the economy and last year’s market gains were uncharacteristically larger than expected. So in the first quarter, we will have to digest some of last quarter’s gains. Thus, we expect some choppiness. Overall, we expect the market to continue with an upward trend in a volatile environment with gains that are slightly greater than dips, translating to high-single or low-double-digit gains for the year.

In our September 2012 Newsletter, we spelled out the external events holding back the underlying strength of US economic growth, what we called “compression”. Efforts to shrink government deficits and debts have been painful for some sectors and may have resulted in slower US economic growth throughout the recovery (so-called fiscal drag). In addition, Washington’s inability to pass a budget deal that would end the cycle of fiscal cliffs, government shutdowns, and unpopular spending has contributed to the slower recovery process.

This month, the US Congress reached a massive $1.1 trillion spending bill[1] that would keep the government running through September 30, 2014. We see consumers regaining confidence (Chart 1).


Recovery of the housing market is spreading to the rest of the economy. Housing prices, up 14% in the first ten months of 2013 (Chart 2), have increased household wealth and strengthened consumer confidence, which in turn, is helping to stimulate the economy (Chart 3).

In order to keep up with increasing consumer spending and higher demand, corporations need to increase their capital investment and inventories, both of which also directly go to the calculation of GDP growth. Altogether, we expect businesses will start picking up and banks will become more confident about lending money to businesses across the country. This is a growth story, not just a recovery

The Way We See It
The S&P 500 Index rose 30% in 2013, its largest annual jump in 16 years. The Dow rallied 27%, its best performance since 1995[2]. The Fed’s easy monetary policy has ignited market optimism and business confidence and driven economic growth. Three rounds of Fed stimulus (QEs) have sent the S&P 500 up 173% from a 12-year low in March 2009. Last month, the Fed announced that it would start to taper its bond-buying program by $10 billion to $75 billion a month beginning in January 2014[3]. The Fed Chairman Bernanke said that the recovery remains “far from complete,” but if job market gains continue as expected, the bond purchases would likely continue to be cut at a “measured” pace throughout next year. Investor reaction was positive. US stock markets were up after the announcement as they saw tapering as a positive sign for the economy. We understand that the Fed will keep the rates low until the recovery fully manifests itself, at least until the late part of 2015, and we plan to be in front of that trend.

We believe the US economy is slowly lifting off as we enter 2014. We continue to believe that underlying fundamentals of the economy are strengthening like a slowly accelerating freight train that is getting harder and harder to derail. We see lower fiscal drag, higher capital expenditure, and improving housing investment. We are more bullish than consensus estimates. We expect the US economy to grow around a little over 3% in 2014 and 3.5% to 4% in 2015. The United States is experiencing a manufacturing renaissance as wages remain lower than other developed countries and the energy revolution continues (Chart 4).


We think US output productivity will continue to improve in the next decade as it did in the last one (Chart 5).


The Big Knowable Themes:
For the next several months, we expect market volatility will be closely tied to economic headlines rather thanpolitical headlines. After that, we might see political headlines weighing in again as we approach the November election. We are confident in US manufacturing because it utilizes higher labor productivity and cheaper energy than the rest of the developed world. The sectors that we favor are US industrials (particularly railroads and aerospace), technology, and growing e-commerce retail along with consumer discretionary.

During recovery, we have seen that US household balance sheets have become stronger as households managed to lower their debt obligations. This has a positive effect on consumer spending. We also believe that we have not seen the full benefit of housing “wealth effect” in US GDP growth[4]. Housing affects many parts of the economy (so-called multiplier effect in economics). This is why everyone was hit hard by the housing collapse in 2007 and 2008. In fact, because housing is such a large expense, its ripple effect throughout the economy is larger per dollar spent than for most other spending categories[5]. As home values continue to recover and balance sheets continue to strengthen, homeowners tend to feel more secure about their wealth and are inclined to spend more, leading to higher GDP growth. We believe housing formation, which has been well below trend, will also push the housing recovery further. Both housing starts and housing permits are already up 18% in 2013[6]. Overall, we are optimistic about ongoing recovery in housing.

[1] See http://appropriations.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=366721
[2] Source: Bloomberg
[3] Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
[4] “US Economics Digest”, February 2013, Neal Soss and Henry Mo found, Credit Suisse
[5] Case, Quigley, Shiller 2011 “Wealth Effects Revisited 1975-2012”, Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 1884
[6] US Census Bureau and US Department of Housing and Urban Development, January 17 2014



E. Dryden Pence III, CPM®, AIF® is an LPL Registered Principal and serves as the CIO of Pence Wealth Management.  Under his leadership and investment direction the firm has grown to be one of the most respected wealth management firms in the nation with both the firm and its advisors frequently recognized by industry journals such as Forbes andBarron’s.

Dryden obtained his degree in Economics from Harvard University in 1982. His previous Investment Banking career spanned 22 years and over $1 billion in financial transactions. As a Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserves he commands the joint transformation command for intelligence. His specialty is Psychological Warfare and he has been decorated for valor in combat.

For more information, feel free follow Pence Wealth Management on FacebookTwitter and check their daily blog at www.PenceWealthManagement.com/blog.

CA Insurance Lic.# 0F82198.  E. Dryden Pence III is a registered principal with and securities offered through LPL Financial.  Securities and Advisory Services offered through LPL Financial, a Registered Investment Advisor. Member FINRA/SIPC.

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